With the development of economy and urbanization, the only cities to have the subway, is becoming more common to second-tier cities and even part of the third-tier cities.
Recently the State Council formally approved the “Luoyang urban rail transit construction plan the first phase (2016 to 2020)” (hereinafter referred to under the plan), issued by the National Development and Reform Commission official. Due to the current single line workers can report has been placed under a provincial Development and Reform Commission for approval, so this plan is approved, also it means that Luoyang has been very close to the subway officially started.
The rail plan approved, Luoyang has become after Wuhu, Anhui, central and western urban rail transit construction of the second seat of the non-capital cities.
Become attached to the ancient capital of Metro
According to the plan, in Luoyang city rail transit network consists of four lines composed of a total length of 102.6 kilometers, set a station 63, where the transfer station 8. Expected in 2020, Luoyang City public transportation system accounts for passenger travel up to 30% the proportion of urban, urban rail transit public transportation accounted for the proportion of 20%. By 2020, the project to build Line 1 and Line 2, one project, about 41.3 kilometers.
As a famous ancient capital, Luoyang how well protected underground cultural relics in Luoyang has always been a major focus of the metro construction. The plan, in the planning and implementation process, combined with the overall urban planning program to deepen cultural studies involving sensitive areas, to further verify the depth of heritage conservation, heritage conservation reasons due to the use of larger depth section should take effective measures to reduce as much as possible depth, reduce project cost.
Luoyang subway granted to the economy and the urbanization of Henan Luoyang and even has a very important significance. In economic development, the status and role of Luoyang in the central region is also crucial, as the “First Five during the” national key construction heavy industrial city of Luoyang has a strong industrial base, is the second largest city in Henan Province.
“China Urban Construction Statistics Yearbook” published by the Ministry of Housing and Urban per year, is the closest major city urban population of accurate statistics. According to the 2013 Statistical Yearbook, the central city of Luoyang’s population reached 2.53 million, came in Nanning, Nanchang, Fuzhou, Ningbo and other capital cities, cities with independent planning before City, ranked No. 31 in all Chinese cities. And ahead of Luoyang City have all been approved for the construction of the subway.
The subway Luoyang approved, will help expand the size of this ancient capital of the central city, enhance the level of Luoyang city and external radiation. At the same time, as the population of more than 90 million of the most populated province, a major agricultural province, Henan urbanization level is still relatively low, the future of the process of urbanization in the province, in addition to part of the population flows southeast coastal areas, there a considerable portion will remain in the province, including the provincial capital of Zhengzhou and Luoyang city center this time will be the influx of major cities.
According to the plan, the capital, Luoyang recent rail construction project with a total investment of 31.088 billion yuan. Which accounted for 40 percent of capital, total 12.435 billion yuan, by the Luoyang City financial capital financing solution. Capital funds other than the use of domestic bank loans and other financing to solve.
Urban rail Up to 42 city, Jiangsu
Luoyang, Henan, Block 2, approved the construction of metro cities, but also to build China’s first 42 urban rail transit city.
This build 42 metro cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing, four municipalities; Shenzhen, Xiamen, Ningbo, Qingdao, Dalian five municipalities; (except for some smaller capital cities) most of the capital cities; Suzhou, Dongguan, Foshan, Wuxi, Changzhou, Xuzhou, Nantong, Wuhu, Luoyang and other economic population of the larger cities. In other words, the vast majority of China’s second-tier cities have been included in them, even Xuzhou, Nantong, Wuhu, Shaoxing, Luoyang these third-tier cities in the traditional sense has also been into the column.
To calculate the provinces, currently the second big economic province of Jiangsu become attached to most metro cities, including Nanjing, Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou, Nantong, Xuzhou, and a total of 6; followed by Guangdong, a total of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Foshan and Dongguan, a total of four ; Zhejiang ranked third, a total of Hangzhou, Ningbo and Shaoxing three; Fujian, Shandong, Liaoning, Anhui, Henan and have two, including Fujian, Shandong and Liaoning are “capital cities + municipalities,” the combination, Anhui and Henan, respectively, is a combination of “capital + second city” in.
As the second largest economy Province, Jiangsu city subway station can also why more than two in Guangdong? This is one of the main reasons is that, compared to the regional economic development of Guangdong, Jiangsu, more balanced, more in line with the city to build the subway. Although the first two cities of Nanjing, Suzhou and Guangzhou, although not as deep, but including Wuxi, Changzhou, Nantong, Xuzhou development are more balanced, especially in many cities the size of the original city on the basis of no longer small.
For example, the Soviet Union in Nantong city in 2015 GDP reached 614.84 billion yuan, ranking first in the country 22. The northern Jiangsu Xuzhou Huaihai economic zone is the center, as early as the beginning of the last century 90, downtown Xuzhou population size has more than 100 million.
Compared to Jiangsu, Guangdong province’s largest economy as the economic development of coastal areas most unequal provinces, mainly in the economic development of the Pearl River Delta, especially the two major cities of Guangzhou-Shenzhen gathered tens of millions of people, coupled with the Dongguan Foshan and two more on the second-tier cities. Data show that in 2015, the Guangzhou-Shenzhen Wan Buddha Four City of GDP and up to as much as 5 trillion, accounting for nearly 70% of the proportion of Guangdong Province.
In addition to these four major cities, other cities in Guangdong is insufficient development pattern. Whether the Pearl River Delta, Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Zhanjiang or North East, Shantou and other cities, economic output and population size is not large urban centers, built from the subway there is a certain distance.
After the Soviet Union, Guangdong, Zhejiang, or whether the two economies Shandong province, which are based on the characteristics of the development of county economy dominated, relatively small size of the population center of the city. In Zhejiang Province, as the country’s first province to implement the province tube county system, Zhejiang has set a benchmark for the county’s economic development. But the development so far, while the vigorous development of the county economy, the central city of Zhejiang continue to highlight the disadvantages are also weak. Since the city’s comprehensive service center function is imperfect, in the gathering of high-end features, the development of high-end industries, and Guangdong, Jiangsu significant gaps.
Thus, in recent years, Zhejiang has changed by a county to district and other forms of bigger central city population size, for example, in October 2013, Shaoxing has been a significant adjustment of administrative divisions, the revocation and Shangyu, Shaoxing County, Keqiao area and the establishment of Shangyu District, in June this year, the subway plan approved in Shaoxing, but also conducive to the expansion of the scale of municipalities and districts.
Professor Hu Shuigen Director of Public Service and Performance Evaluation Research Center, Zhejiang University on the “First Financial Daily” analysis, expand the scale of municipalities and districts, will help improve the ability of its elements together, and develop the tertiary industry, especially the modern service industry, in order to effectively promote production integration of the city, upgrade to better serve the local economy in transition.
And after Luoyang, Shaoxing, Wuhu, future built underground cities will increase, more and more third-tier cities will be added to the rail post in the army. In April last year, the Xinhua News Agency said a report is expected by 2020, in line with national standards of construction metro cities will increase to 50 or so.
Among these, the reform and opening up more coastal influx third-tier cities and the Midwest had a lot of the main city of the population of the larger cities, the subway is not allowed to build a small probability, such as Quanzhou, Yantai, Liuzhou, Hengyang, Baoding the possibility to build the subway is not small.
Guizhou provincial government adviser Professor Teng Hu said that in the case of accelerated urbanization, hundreds of millions of farmers into the city, the traditional center of the city ground transportation model has failed to meet the needs of supply. In the case of steady growth still need to invest in the main, urban rail transit is supplied with the areas of highest demand fit. So build rail transit not only drive the economy, at the same time meet the needs of the people.
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