Sichuan found pre-Qin settlement sites: stretching more than 100 kilometers 400 square meters buried 96 tombs

On the morning of the 18th, Chengdu Commercial Daily reporter learned from Sichuan Province, Chengdu-Kunming line (Liangshan) major archaeological results briefing was informed that the beginning of August this year, Sichuan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology Liangshan Museum, Xichang City Cultural Relics Management and other units, On the railway construction involved in the 18 cultural relics to carry out archaeological excavation work, has completed more than 1 square meters of field excavation work, made a major archaeological results stage.

According to reports, the archaeological excavations found the earliest southwest Sichuan Neolithic remains. More than 20 pre-Qin period sites along the Anning River valley plains, stretching more than 100 km, are very rare in the country. In addition to the Chengdu Plain in the most widely distributed, the largest number of pre-Qin period settlement group.

Archaeological value

■ Discover the earliest Neolithic remains in the southwest of Sichuan. Description More than 4000 years ago, the peaceful valley plain as Sichuan’s second largest plains also have human activities

■ More than 20 pre-Qin period sites along the plains of the Anning River distribution, stretching more than 100 kilometers, in order to explore the settlement patterns, geographically distributed between the settlement group provides a very important physical information

■ preliminary that the Anning River Basin may add two or three kinds of archaeological culture (type)

Exploration

Fields to explore on the 10,000 square meters

Chengdu-Kunming line along the “treasure” a lot

Chengdu-Kunming Railway Emei to Miyi section of the expansion project length of 383.568 km. Since 2014, three special archaeological surveys, exploration and review work have been carried out to identify 48 points of cultural relics involved in the railway red line. Among them, the Paleolithic Site 1, Neolithic to the Shang and Zhou Dynasties site 22, Qin and Han Dynasty sites and cemetery 5, Tang and Song period site 5, Ming and Qing Dynasties site and 14, ancient buildings.

Since early August this year, the Sichuan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology in Liangshan Prefecture, Panzhihua, cultural relics management units involved in the construction of 18 cultural relics carried out a scientific archaeological excavation work. Has now ended 11. “Up to now, the Chengdu-Kunming double-track (Emei section) has completed more than 10,000 square meters of field excavation, has made significant archaeological results.” According to the Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology, these cultural relics mainly concentrated in the late Neolithic To the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, some may be the early Western Han Dynasty and Nanzhao Dali period and the late Qing Dynasty. The main achievements are more than 280 tombs, more than 500 ash pit, address, ash ditch, stove, kiln, and more than 3,500 pillars, more than 3200 pieces of small pieces of specimens, mainly for burial funerary objects, mostly pottery , A small amount of bronze, iron and jewelry.

on site

Liangshan for the first time found concentrated burial cemetery

Tomb owner temporary identity

18, in Xichang City Yulong Xiangcun village village excavation site, Chengdu Chinese Commercial News reporters, more than archaeologists are tomb in the excavation of various types of pottery, intensive group of tombs distributed in the field. It is noteworthy that the sheep ear slope site found in the tomb pit size, shape are different, including a large tomb-shaped, by the tomb, the tomb of two parts, mostly 4-5 meters wide and 2 to 3 meters deep 1.2 to 1.4 meters. According to reports, has been unearthed all kinds of pottery, metal and other small pieces of more than 400 pieces of specimens.

Liangshan state cultural relics management director Tang Liang said, sheep ear slope site found the tomb is very concentrated, one of the 400 square meters of the site actually found 96 tombs, this situation is very rare. The identity of the owner of the tomb and the puzzle behind the remains of further study.

Results

Cleaning up a number of pre-Qin period settlement sites

Presumably semi-crypt type premises

“This time we found a number of pre-Qin period cemetery.” Provincial Cultural Relics and Archeology Institute of Chen Wei, deputy director of archaeological research, in addition to sheep ear slope site, Xinzhuang site also found a concentrated burial of the cemetery, two distribution area are over 2000 More than square meters. These tombs are mostly earthen pit pit, and some urn coffin and stone tomb. From the burial objects speculated that the cemetery is mainly in the Shang Dynasty to the Western Han Dynasty. A group of earthenware combinations unearthed in a tomb of the Chen family’s burial site was supposed to be in the late Neolithic age.

Archaeologists also cleared a number of pre-Qin period settlement sites, has found and cleaned up more than 3500 column holes, a large number of columnar holes were irregular distribution, part of the existence of breaking relations. “Column hole is the ancients to build a wooden pillars hit the foundation, and then left the traces.” At the same time, a number of sites found about 50 square near the round corners of the pit relics, Fire traces, presumably semi-crypt type premises. This is the first time in the Anning River Basin found widely distributed, the number of semi-crypt type room.

Value

The second largest pre – Qin period in Sichuan settlement groups coming out

Do not rule out there will be more major archaeological discoveries

“The archeology is the most important archaeological discovery in southwest Sichuan.” Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology, the relevant person in charge, this discovery of the earliest southwest Sichuan Neolithic remains. Indicating that more than 4,000 years ago, not only the Chengdu Plain, peaceful valley plains as the second largest plain in Sichuan have human activities. Chen Jia-burned site and Dachang site tomb burial goods also showed a strong Neolithic characteristics, Anning River Basin Neolithic archaeological remains of the cultural landscape gradually clear up.

At the same time, found in Sichuan in addition to Chengdu plain outside the most widely distributed, the largest number of pre-Qin period settlement group. Chengdu-Kunming railway construction involved more than 20 sites in the pre-Qin period along the Anning River valley distribution, stretching more than 100 km, which is to explore the settlement patterns, geographical distribution between groups provides a very important physical information. From the unearthed materials, the preliminary view that in the Anning River Basin may add two or three kinds of archaeological culture (type).

The official said, the next step, will continue to sheep ear slope, Xinzhuang, peace field site to expose a wide range, with a view to a more comprehensive understanding of the site of the overall settlement structure, or there will be more important archaeological discoveries……….

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